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1, 1, 2001

THERAPEUTIC, HUMAN AND SOCIAL ROLE OF THE ART-THERAPY

M. Paluba

Psychiatric Hospital (Pruszkow, Tworki, Poland)

* Published by:
Paluba M. Therapeutic, human and social role of the art-therapy // . 2001. . 1, . 1. . 124125.

[Paluba, M. (2001). Therapeutic, human and social role of the art-therapy. Medical Researches (Kharkiv), 1, 1, 124125.]

From the beginnings of humanity until today, since human appeared on the Earth it was known that human through the art can express himself and the world around him. The proves for it are not only the works of famous artists but also the drawings and paintings founded on the walls of rock caves and temples.

Discovered drawings and paintings surprise with their variety and perfection. It is evidence of the imagination, impressionability and the needs of the creators and kind of the negation of the theory of the evolution of the art. It gives us an information about an unknown world and people who were creating this world. It is a universal and still existent language with no limitations of written and spoken word.

Now we can transfer it for the psychiatry field as psychopathology of expression. The fascination of psychosis, the phenomenon of schizophrenia, surprising and rich world of experiences of the mental patients all this has inspired the painters, musicians, writers and from the other side encourage to the psychopathological, artistic or philosophic analysis.

The artistic valuation of the quality of artistic expression of menially ill artists should be very careful.

The essence and emotional intensity of psychic experiences gives from one side unexpected artistic inspiration and from the other some important diagnostic and therapeutic messages. S. Freud no accidentally was so interested in the art. He claimed that the artists searched the psychoanalysis even before the scientists. The therapists use the creative technique (so-called art-therapy) to help in psychiatric diagnosis and therapy. The artistic expression of the experiences could be a way to better communication between the therapist and the patient. It is important especially when the fear or verbal difficulties appear. Sometimes it is the only accepted by a patient form of contact. The possibility of expression of feelings could help fight the stress, fear or aggression. The diagnostic information is form of expression, their essence and atmosphere. The whole sets of artistic works created by the same patients on different stages of the disease could illustrate (through analysis) the symptoms of illness, its dynamics and some prognosis. This communicating function of creativity of the patients does not only mean better contact between the patient and the therapist. It is also better contact with the society and one of the ways to go out from the social isolation.

We were going to present the works in the one of most prestige art galleries in Warsaw. We searched for help from the known artists. We were lucky to meet Ewa Kuryluk, polish painter, writer, poet, art historian lecturer on the Art Academies in Paris and New York (where she has lived for many years), friend of many artists in different countries. When she had found out everything about the project we decided to send a letter to her friends-artists. The answer was unexpected. 85 distinguished artists from Poland the professors of the Art Academies of Warsaw and Krakow and young painters also the artists from Japan, United States, Argentina, Australia, France, Israel, Canada, Germany, Ukraine and Lithuania sent their works to this common exhibition. That is origin of the exhibition subtitle The Artists of The World of The Tworki Patients. Such a wonderful help from so many artists made possible to organize this exhibition in The National Gallery of Art Zacheta in Warsaw. There were presented the works of famous artists as Magdalena Abakanowicz, Jerzy Nowosielski, Andrzej Stumilo, Jan Dobrowolski, Jozef Czapski, Erna Rozenstein, Anna Bialobroda, Ewa Kuryluk and many others and on the equal level the works of the patients of The Tworki Hospital. But the exhibition was first of all wonderful experience for the patients of Hospital authors and whole society. Every year the final part of this action is The Exhibition and each year on the same bases it is the common exhibition of professional artists and the patients of Tworki. It is organized at autumn at the same time when The Community Psychiatry Conference, The Days of Health, sport competitions have been set up. All is called The Tworki Autumn (this time the 23 hectares Tworki Park is extremely beautiful). All next exhibitions (since 1994) were performed in The Zapiecek Gallery, beautiful and with old tradition, situated in The Old Town in the centre of Warsaw. President of The Gallery, Miroslawa Arens have become our faithful co-promoter of each exhibition still seeking for new friends-artists. Ewa Kuryluk also still helps us to make the ideas reality and to fight the problems. More then 200 artists from 12 countries and many students from The National Art Gallery have presented by more than 1000 works. These works were created in the artistic workshops in psychiatric departments and in The Patients Club (where also the patients dismissed from the hospital come) all located in The Tworki Hospital. Most of the authors are diagnosed of schizophrenia, schizoaffective psychosis and depression. The works were created on different stages of the disease and therapy. They were evidence of spontaneous expression. The therapist gave only artistic tools and workshop. At the first time the works were anonymous. When the first successes have come it started to change. The authors started to give the interviews in the press, radio and even in TV channels. They also have presented their creativity in quarterly The Tworki Avenues (edited by The Amici di Tworki Association).

The Exhibition Together in art and life are not only important event for the patients but also the way to better social dialogue between two different worlds, better communication and to better knowledge about the world of the mentally ill people.


, 2005
: editor@psychiatry.ua
ISSN 19905211