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Drug abuse prevention: organizational and methodical aspects »

SOCIOLOGICAL MONITORING OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES CONSUMPTION IN YOUTH ENVIRONMENT

I. P. Rushchenko, A. A. Serdjuk

* Originally in Russian:
Rushchenko, I. P., Serdjuk, A. A. (2002). Sociological monitoring of psychoactive substances consumption in youth environment. In: Drug abuse prevention: organizational and methodical aspects. Concluding materials of the international project, pp. 94–102. Kharkiv: Finart.

The idea of the monitoring arose in the middle of 90-s and found its continuation in the international project, which was carried out by collectives of authors from Ukraine, Germany, Spain and later to the project entered specialists from Russia. The purpose of the monitoring is tracking the spreading psychoactive consumption in the youth environment. The specificity is in the fact that the object are not groups of drug abusers, but group of studying youth in the age of 14–24. Groups were formed on the basis of the random sampling by 1000 units each. The interval of the monitoring is 2 years, in Kharkov sociological surveys were conducted in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001 and in 1999 and 2001 using the same methodics were conducted sociological survey of studying youth in Dresden.

The first three surveys reveal the situation of sufficient dynamics of main parameters. In 1995 the percentage of those who had even one test of marijuana made about 18%; in 1997 — 28%; in 1999 — 38%. We expected the further “take off” of this parameter, but it happened the stabilization of spreading the cannabis in the youth environment. Comparative measures in Kharkov and Dresden showed that attitude to drug abusers in Germany and Ukraine is diametrically opposite. The majority of respondents are anxious with the epidemic of HIV/AIDS and considers it the youth problem of higher level than problems with alcohol and drugs. The majority of the respondents were rather precious in identifying ways of HIV transition.

First tests of alcohol and tobacco happen in earlier age than drugs tests (for alcohol and tobacco is 12–15 years, for drugs — 14–17 years). First tests take place in places of conducting spare time, it is admitted the spontaneous and the initiation by social environment. Among straining factors of testing the drug prevailed: formed own opinion, interests and life position and also anxiety about one’s own health. Among motives of the first drug test is dominating psychological motivation: curiosity, desire to experience new, pleasure feelings, provided by justification that “everyone should test everything in his life, moreover that you can stop in each moment”. Also high importance have submissive motives — subordination to the pressure of the social environment.

The last research fixed statistically important indicators tests of the following classes of psychoactive substances: alcohol — 87%; tobacco — 77%; cannabioids — 36.5%; opiates — 7.9%, hallucinogens — 7.2%, chifir — 9%; other stimulators including coke — 3.6%; inhalants — 3.1%, sedative-somnolent — 2.1%; Ecstasy — 1.3%; dimedrolum — 7.2%.

Data received in the result of conducting the monitoring confirms it’s justification and rationality. In the queue the conduction of the monitoring in other regions of Ukraine and transnational surveys.

Russian full text version >>

E-mail for correspondence:
aserdyuk@mail.ru


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